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What are the consequences of migration in Scotland's population from the 50's until the early 21st century?

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Par   •  6 Mai 2017  •  Fiche  •  369 Mots (2 Pages)  •  248 Vues

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Introduction:

Scotland has approximately 5.3 million inhabitants. It is located in Europe at the northern end of Great Britain; it is part of the United Kingdom. It’s capital is Edinburgh.

  • Nature: graphs: first one: Natural change and migration in Scotland (1951-2011) / second one: Scotland’s age structure

  • No authors, anonymous
  • Source: secondary source because: these two graphs were possibly made after the events occurred
  • Audience: everyone who’s interested in Scotland and people who want to know different statistics of Scotland

Key question: What are the consequences of migration in Scotland’s population from the 50s until the early 21st century?

  1. The age structure depending on the migration
  2. How migration had an impact on the natural changes

  1. The age structure depending on the migration

In the 20th century we can see that the curve for the migration is negative because:

  • Emigration > immigration = more people leave the country then people enter the country.
  • My guess is that younger people leave the country to either find a job or to attend a university outside of Scotland.

In the 21st century we can see that the curve for the migration is positive because:

-Immigration > emigration = more people enter the country then people leaving the country

- If we check the age structure we can see that the people who enter the country are usually adults and the elderly either because they are retired and/or because they need to relax and Scotland is a very calm and peaceful place.

  1. How migration had an impact on the natural changes

On one hand the fact that there is an immigration of the elderly and the adults means that there is a probability for the death rate to be higher than the birth rate → because old people die.

On the other hand, the fact that there was an immigration of younger people meant that the death rate would be lower because of the population’s young demographic growth.

Conclusion: To conclude, the consequences of migration in Scotland from the 50s until the early 21st century were not only the natural changes but also the age structure that depended on the migration. Both of these explain the immigrations and the emigrations.

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