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Spaces and exchanges: what immigrants are looking for when they come to us?

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Par   •  27 Avril 2017  •  Fiche  •  983 Mots (4 Pages)  •  858 Vues

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I will introduce the notion spaces and exchanges. First I have to define this notion. Today, we live in a globalized world characterized by the importance of exchanges between the virtual and real spaces. These spaces are more or less large and can be: the internet, cities, regions, countries or continents. And around them are articulated various exchanges of cultures, people or information . One of the main factors of these exchanges is migration. To illustrate this concept, we will focus on the  causes and conditions of migration  and on its positive or negative impact on society through the example of the American continent.

So we may wonder do immigrants find what they are looking for when they come to us ?                First of all, we’ll focus on the reasons that push the immigrants to leave their country and focus on the American dream,  then, we will dwell on their real living conditions when they arrive.

In many southern countries of Latin America and especially in particular neighborhoods, people live in precarious conditions and extreme poverty. These conditions combined with the image of the American dream which  profess that whoever you are wherever you come from you can succeed in America if your work hard  incite young people to legally or  illegally cross the frontiers. It is true that living condition in USA  and in Mexico for example are incomparable.  Indeed,  If Mexico were your home instead of The United States you would make 70.45% less money, be 5 times more likely to be murdered, die 4 years sooner, have 20.04% less free time, be 2 times more likely to die in infancy. Then living in the usa guarantees in theory  more security,  a better life expectancy, better  working condition, better salaries  and a better access to healthcare. All these aspects are  also a part of the American dream which encourage people to immigrate.                                                Moreover,  there is a lot of example of Immigrants  who succeeded  in their integration: one of them Mario Cuomo became governor of the new York state. He explains that his succeed is the result of the good reception that his family has received when they  arrived in the USA and the access to education that the American government guaranteed him.                                                                             But sometimes this American dream can become a real nightmare especially for the illegal immigrant who, as the characters of TC boyle's Tortilla curtain are homeless in USA , can't find jobs and sometimes, die because of their living conditions. There are also a lot of new difficulties of integration. Governor Mario Cuomo  fears a revival of anti immigrants sentiments and of violence against immigrants. According to him, racism weakens USA when  immigration is a source of strength for the country.                                                                                                   We can see that  USA and immigration are strongly linked. Indeed, USA was created by immigrants. An illustration of USA today shows us the original usa values. In this illustration we can see immigrants making drawing and working on the creation of a giant USA flag: it's the idea of the melting pot: everyone can contribute and give his particularities to the American society . For example one of them uses a ladder to take  a star from the sky and put it over the flag: it is the allegory of the social ladder and of the American dream.  Immigrants still play today a main role in the economy of the country. Almost 13% of the U.S. population is foreign-born, for a total of more than 40 million people and 20 pour  cent of them are white collars.


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