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Spaces and Exchanges : Why do immigrants choose to leave their countries for the US? What difficulities do they face over there ?

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Par   •  10 Octobre 2017  •  Fiche  •  517 Mots (3 Pages)  •  1 434 Vues

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I'm going to talk about the notion of S&E .The notion of spaces and exchanges is a broad concept that relates to the movement from one place to another. All societies are somehow defined by the geographical and symbolics spaces they occupy and how they open up these spaces. The notion may include an exchange in the context of the  immigration per exemple.

To illustrate this notion, we will ask ourselves why do immigrants choose to leave their countries for the US? What difficulties do they face over there? 

First I will present the colonization of the US. Then I will explain the problems of the immigration in this place in all time.

→The colonization of the United States in the 16th century by the Pilgrims fathers was linked in particular to the religious persecution of Puritans, poverty and starvation.

Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, migrants from all over the world arrived in this country for not only these same reasons but also because of unemployment and war in their countries. Some communities have formed a diaspora, like the Italians who founded their own neighborhood in New York: Little Italy.

If they too often choose the United States, it's unaffectedly because it is considered as "The Promised Land" like said Bruce Springsteen in his song and also that it offers the possibility for all to start from scratch and live the American dream.

However, whether in the 19th century or today, immigrants are quickly encountering difficulties in this new country: the language barrier, discrimination and persecution. The Arizona State Law was passed in April 2010 . It's a law on the subject of immigration : It states that any person suspected of being an illegal immigrant may be arrested and detained for further questionning. Moreover An immigration policy is being implemented by the new US President in order to limit migration flows from certain countries.  But preventing people from entering the territory or arrest someone without evidence, is not to forget the declaration of independence ? It says that : “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”  This is contrary to the principles of this.

Furthermore E Pluribus Unum was considered a de facto motto of the United States until 1956. The motto means Out of many, one. Concretely, we can say that cultures make the diversity of the people. Except that the construction of a wall on the Mexican border is now a project that wants to be set up in spite of the South American. The ancestors of the colonists don't want to be invaded by foreigners.

→ To conclude, the notion of space and exchange has a very strong dimension, humanly and politically here, and if at the time everyone was welcome in the US, this is no longer the case. Integration difficulties are increasing, the American dream moves away and migrants face a reality that is not the one hoped for when they leave.


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