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Space and exchanges: what drove people to leave their country to go and live in another one?

Dissertation : Space and exchanges: what drove people to leave their country to go and live in another one?. Recherche parmi 299 000+ dissertations

Par   •  26 Avril 2017  •  Dissertation  •  659 Mots (3 Pages)  •  980 Vues

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The world is divided into different areas and spaces. Each space exchanges with each other. It exists different types of exchanges : economic exchanges, human/social exchanges, cultural exchanges …..

Humans are trying to find the trendiest places. Nowadays, one of the trendiest space is USA.

In the rest of our oral we will study the case of Ireland. In fact, since the XIXth century this island has experimented crisis and boom, arrivals and departures.

Consequently, we are going to ask us what drove people to leave their country to go and live in another one ?

I. A difficult past : The situation of Ireland from 1845 to 1990

1) At the middle of the XIXth century, almost the entire population belongs to the peasantry and (the) potato is very important for the Irish economy because of exchanges with Britain and in order to feed the population. Nevertheless, as we saw in class with the text « a Brief history of Ireland » for many irish, potatoes were the most imporant food and in 1845 it happened a disaster struck : the potato blight. The disease destroyed much of the potato crop for the next few years. During the famine approximately 1 million people died and a million more emigrated from Ireland, causing the island's population to fall by/ to plunge between 20% and 25%.

2) In fact, a lot of Irish emigrate to USA, Britain and Australia because of the high unemployment, the poverty was widespread, the lack of opportunity and famine. Consequently, it's the beginning of the Irish Diaspora, the exodus of people in order to survive and find a job. In order to realize the American dream. Fortunately, after this difficult period, Ireland is coming back as we will see.

II. The Boom between 1990 and 2007 the born of the celtic tiger

1) The economic growth of Ireland rocket during the ninetees . As we saw with the text from recession to the Boom : all was good : the unemployment rate dicrease from 15% to 4% almost full employment. The value of houses is going up too. Infrastuctures were constructed all over Ireland, roads, shops, flats and even schools only for black people. There was a lot of job opportunities. As we say in the text “ coming back home “ Dublin has a really young population, like 1.1M under 30, over the half of the whole pop.

2) The celtic Tiger is born ! In reference to the tigers in Asia to design states with an important economic growth. Thanks to tax breaks it helps businesses, society and also attracted foreign investments. The center of dublin was such expensive that all around the city were constructed estates in order to accommodate emigrants and irish. In fact, there was a mass migration : return of Irish emigrants and arrival of foreign immigrants.

As we saw in the comic illustration from the text death of a celtic tiger : Ireland who is « used to be a tiger » became a cat.

III. The Bust since 2008 the death of the celtic tiger

1) The subprime crisis in the USA in 2007 caused a global economic crisis wich strarted in 2008. Wall street ,The Irish stock exchange

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