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What are the advantages and disadvantages of tourism ?

Dissertation : What are the advantages and disadvantages of tourism ?. Recherche parmi 283 000+ dissertations

Par   •  17 Janvier 2021  •  Dissertation  •  572 Mots (3 Pages)  •  394 Vues

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Many places in the world rely heavily on tourism as a major source of income and employment. Unfortunately, tourism can also be a problem, especially if it is not well managed. A large number of visitors can gradually break the beauty of the environment, resources and social ties of a tourist destination over time.

.We will ask ourselves what are the advantages and disadvantages of tourism .

 In the first part we will deal with the advantages and in the second part the disadvantages.

First of all, we will deal with the benefits of this tourism by beginning with the economic benefits of the strange people who come to a country that makes a lot of money. For example by going to hotels, visiting great historical monuments, restaurants, buying souvenirs...This is probably the main advantage of tourism and why it has been promoted so much, especially in developing countries. Revenues generated can represent a significant portion of private, local and national revenues.There is also an opportunistic advantage because it gives jobs in hotels, bars, transport, activities, shops and restaurants that need staff. Tourism can provide much needed jobs for people. It provides a means and incentive for investment in infrastructure such as roads, rail networks and local medical and educational facilities.The environment is also a very good advantage to tourism it can provide economic incentives to a place to preserve and regulate the environment in urban and rural areas.

In addition, the intercultural that promotes international connections that can bring more commercial and cultural collaborations in the long term.  Moreover, the promotional advantage is that tourism gives the locality a chance to show itself and make itself known in the world.

In a second time we will deal with the disadvantages of this tourism with in the first place the environment indeed tourism can often cause environmental damage with risks such as erosion, pollution, loss of natural habitats and forest fires.Even if tourists behave responsibly, their numbers can cause damage.  Old buildings, monuments and temples often struggle to cope with the increase in traffic and inevitably suffer from wear and tear.  Reefs and other natural tourist attractions can suffer permanent damage.

In addition, marketing culture can undermine the soul of a tourist destination.  Local traditions that have a rich cultural heritage are reduced to wearing costumes and staging tourist acts in exchange for money.

Cultural conflicts are also present, tourists often lack respect for local traditions and culture, refuse to follow local dress standards, get drunk in public or behave in a rude or inappropriate manner towards the inhabitants. We are also dealing with seasonal fluctuations as tourism jobs are generally seasonal and precarious, with no additional benefits such as pensions, sickness benefits or health care. Some areas may be flooded with visitors during peak periods, then virtually deserted for many months.

Sometimes tourism becomes so central that other forms of income generation are neglected and economic dependence on tourism forms.  It is good in good times, but it can make the country vulnerable to long-term economic ruin and can contribute to political upheaval or natural disasters.

The last disadvantage is the transfer of diseases tourists can bring to the local population all kinds of diseases including the most dangerous. We can give as an example the coronavirus which is a disease which first developed in the city of Wuhan and which came back because of tourists all over the world with millions of deaths.

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