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Why is it that some countries have much smaller gender gaps than others?

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Par   •  14 Janvier 2020  •  Commentaire de texte  •  283 Mots (2 Pages)  •  26 Vues

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        Today, equality between men and women is a major issue, in an era where equality is being advocated. How can we imagine that equality between men and women does not exist in modern countries? Some countries, such as Iceland, have smaller gaps between the two genders. This is the subject of this article from the 2016 Guardian. This raises the question: why is it that some countries have much smaller gender gaps than others?
To answer this question, we will look at the current situation in Iceland, how it is that there is such a small gap, and what the consequences of this are.

        Iceland has been named as the best place in the world to be a woman. Indeed, it is a country where the gender gap index is low compared to the world average, especially in terms of salaries.
        This can be explained by the strong mobilization of women in the 1970s against discriminatory wages. In England, for example, 20,000 women had demonstrated, whereas in Iceland, 90% of the female population had gone on strike. This enormous mobilization therefore had a major impact on gender equality. This has been repeated in the legislation on parental leave, for example.

        In addition to this past in favour of equality, ongoing actions to promote equality also involve the school system, which encourages children from an early age. The election of a woman as President also shows this development in Iceland.
However, the population finds that this is not enough, in fact, a gap of 14% in average wages persists even though it is progressing.

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