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Notion Seats and Forms of Power: are all the citizens on an equal footing in modern-day India?

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Par   •  25 Février 2017  •  Dissertation  •  1 279 Mots (6 Pages)  •  1 350 Vues

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Today, I’m going to speak about the notion ‘Seats and forms of power’. The power can be related to the right or an authority given or delegated to a person or a body. The power

is necessary to control the population for example, for centuries he was essential, like when the colonization was here; and there are some country where a dictatorship still exist and on the other hand the democracy seems to be the best way to live together in harmony.

The notion of power generally implies a basic division between those who have power and those who have none or little of it.

India illustrates this contrast. It’s the second most populated country, with 17,5% of the world’s population. The situation of this country has improved rapidly, but the benefits haven’t touched the same way everywhere in its territory. Inequalities and traditions remain even if the government try to reduce them.

So, are all the citizens on an equal footing in modern-day India?

First, we will speak about the inequalities among citizens, then inequalities among men and women. In the third part, we will see that India is in evolution, the differences has been progressively lower than before.

First, inequalities among citizens are clearly apparent with the cast system.

The India society is divided into four social castes, if you born into one caste, yon can’t change of cast or marry someone belonging to another. This system is totally unfair but still survive in modern-day: if you are in the Brahman caste, you are privileged, you are in the highest; but if you are in the Dalits, you are outcaste, you can’t do job that you want, you are cleaner for example.

Discrimination against Dalits has largely disappeared in urban areas but it still exists in rural areas, where they are forced to use specific eating places or schools. Today, 170 million Dalits live in India. Less than a third of the 170 million Dalits in India are literate and well over 40 percent survive on less than 2 dollars a day.

This is the principal problem in this state between citizens, and it’s necessary to remove it, for the well-being of India’s population.

Moreover, inequalities among citizens can be illustrate by the gap between rich and poor.

India is today the story of two dueling narratives. The number of billionaires are 55,which is more than in France for example, where they are 24. India has now its own space program, has world-class IT firms, the high-tech cities grow everywhere.The document ‘Two dueling narratives’ explains that the Grow Domestic Product is significant: « seven, eight, eight and a half percent annual average growth ». Her middle class emerge rapidly: about 300 million people ans is growing at the rate of forty to seventy million people a year.

India is where you can become rapidly an entrepreneur because there is a great sense of initiative between citizens. His economy is transforming, thanks to the rapid development of high-tech sector.

But on the other hand, this is the face of poverty.

The literate rate is about 74% in India, which is extremely high. The World Bank estimates that about 800 million people, over 400 million people survive with less than one dollar a day. There is also malnutrition among children, who can’t expect a better life if they born in a slum. The slums, like in New Delhi, are not far from the wealthy people with beautiful houses. There are literally the face of poverty because they concentrate the poverty, the pollution, the lack of sanitation. Here, the poor population can’t have access to education and lives in hope to find jobs, but in the reality, they are only a few. For example, Slumdog Millionaire is a remarkable film which tells the life of Jamal Malik, a young orphan man from the Juhu slums of Mumbai, and enables the viewers to be aware of the inequalities between poor and rich in India.



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