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Cinq grands traits de la personnalité (document en anglais)

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Big Five Personality Traits

O - C - E - A - N : Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism

Grew out of the Lexical Hypothesis which states that the fundamental elements of human

personality should be encoded in our language. Factor analysis “extracted” these elements, or

traits, from adjectives taken from the dictionary.

McCosta and McCrae’s NEO-PI-r is a popular commercial measure of the Big Five. Available

from Sigma Assessments:

It measures the Big Five and six facets for each trait.

Extraversion Agreeableness Conscientiousness

Gregariousness Straightforwardness Self-discipline

Activity Level Trust Dutifulness

Assertiveness Altruism Competence

Excitement Seeking Modesty Order

Positive Emotions Tendermindedness Deliberation

Warmth Compliance Achievement Striving

Neuroticism Openness to new Experiences

Anxiety Fantasy

Self-consciousness Aesthetics

Depression Feelings

Vulnerability Ideas

Impulsiveness Actions

Angry hostility Values

Lew Goldberg developed pools of items for all sorts of traits. These items are freely available at

his International Personality Item Pool website: Goldberg’s version of the

Big Five is often referred to as the Big Five Model. His measure of Openness is instead referred

to as Intellect (your self-reported view of your intelligence). His measure does not have facets.

Oliver John’s 44-item Big Five trait measure is freely available. The reference is: John, O. P., &

Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical

perspectives. In L. A. Pervin, & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and

research (2nd ed., pp. 102-138). New York: Guilford. You can find a copy at:

Gerald Saucier also developed a brief version of the Big Five. The reference is: Saucier, G.

(1994). Mini-markers: A brief version of Goldberg's unipolar Big-Five markers. Journal of

Personality Assessment, 63 , 506-516.

A single-item approach using Idiogrid is currently being tested by Dr. Grice and his students at

Oklahoma State University. Thus far, the results look promising.

Raymond Cattell’s 16-PF (Personality Factors)

Commercially available from Pearson:

Sixteen Specific Dimensions of Personality

Warmth (Reserved vs. Warm; Factor A)

Reasoning (Concrete vs. Abstract; Factor B)

Emotional Stability (Reactive vs. Emotionally Stable; Factor C)

Dominance (Deferential vs. Dominant; Factor E)

Liveliness (Serious vs. Lively; Factor F)

Rule-Consciousness (Expedient vs. Rule-Conscious; Factor G)

Social Boldness (Shy vs. Socially Bold; Factor H)

Sensitivity (Utilitarian vs. Sensitive; Factor I)

Vigilance (Trusting vs. Vigilant; Factor L)

Abstractedness (Grounded vs. Abstracted; Factor M)

Privateness (Forthright vs. Private; Factor N)

Apprehension (Self-Assured vs. Apprehensive; Factor O)

Openness to Change (Traditional vs. Open to Change; Factor Q1)

Self-Reliance (Group-Oriented vs. Self-Reliant; Factor Q2)

Perfectionism (Tolerates Disorder vs. Perfectionistic; Factor Q3)

Tension (Relaxed vs. Tense; Factor Q4)

Five Global Factors






Important Book:

Cattell, H. E. P., & Schuerger, J. M. (2003) Essentials of 16PF Assessment. Wiley.

Hans Eysenck’s P-E-N model

Psychoticism - Extraversion - Neuroticism

Commercially available from Edits software distribution :

Psychoticism Extraversion Neuroticism

Aggressive Sociable Anxious

Assertive Irresponsible Depressed

Egocentric Dominant Guilt Feelings

Unsympathetic Lack of reflection Low self-esteem

Manipulative Sensation-seeking Tense

Achievement-oriented Impulsive Moody

Dogmatic Risk-taking Hypochondriac

Masculine Expressive Lack of autonomy

Tough-minded Active Obsessive

One validity scale to detect unusual responding.

Auke Tellegen’s Multiple Personality Questionnaire (MPQ)

It is listed as “under development” at the


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