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The idea of progress : how did india become a modern country ?

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Par   •  29 Avril 2019  •  Dissertation  •  968 Mots (4 Pages)  •  431 Vues

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I'm going to talk about the notion of idea of progress. For me, the notion of progress can be defined as an improvement, a development or a change, but also as a scientific, social or technological progress that contributes to making the world better. This year in class, we studied several documents on this concept and especially on India. We can say that India is a land of contrast but also a modern developing country. That's why it's interesting to wonder how India has become a modern country ? At first, we will see that India has a Silicon Valley with the city of Bangalore. Then we will see a contrast between cities and slums. And finally, we will show that India has evolved and changed.

The city of Bangalore, located in South East India, is nicknamed the Silicone Valley Indian, it has 6.5 million inhabitants and is the capital of Karnataka, the city has focused its development on high technology , especially in the aerospace field, computer software and biochemistry. Since then, American and European international companies have established themselves in the city as subsidiaries Google, HP, Amazon or Microsoft. In addition, the city hosts the headquarters of the finest Indian IT, Infosys and Wipro. These high-tech giants, are concentrated in the two technological hubs of the city, the Electronic City and the Bangalore International Tech Park. Electronic city was built in the late 1970s by Keonics, a government agency, today it is nearly 200 companies that are grouped together. The Bangalore International Tech Park, developed by Ascendas which is a company specializing in real estate business, was opened in 1998 and hosts more than 230 companies. It can be said that this city will not stop growing with the companies that so implant, to increase their turnover and to offer jobs to the population which is an indispensable asset for the development India. It is a country in emergence and in full economic development.

A young woman named Sirisha is an Indian entrepreneur, having worked as a lawyer in Manhattan, she returned to India five years ago. His company Quis Lex is located in the same building as Google's Indian branch in Hyderabad, the high-tech city also called Cyberadad. She finds that there is a huge difference between India that she left a few years ago and India today. India is a country in motion because its economy continues to transform thanks to the rapid development of the high-tech sector.

We can see that India is a country of contrast with quite rich cities like Bangalore and poor villages with slum. These two types of urbanization live side by side every day, such as the Darhavi slum located in the heart of Mumbai. It is one million people on 223 hectares of ancient wetlands. From the sky, the contrast of these two worlds is impressive: the gray stains formed by the entanglement of the corrugated iron roofs slum contrasts with the clear towers and the more airy spaces of the residential and business districts. In this slum, an informal economic activity has developed, it became a full industrial area whose turnover is estimated at 400 million Euros. However, the working conditions are painful and precarious, the wages are very low, living conditions are deplorable, they have no running water, no electricity, they sleep in dirty and polluted places. We can compare them to people who live in residential neighborhoods in Bangalore, who have a good paying

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