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Spaces and Exchanges: to what extent has English evolves through time ?

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English - “Spaces and Exchanges”

Introduction :

- “Language is the road map of a culture. It tells you where its people come from and where they are going.”

- This quote from R. M. B., tells us that we learn about nation’s culture and history through its language. A language evolves through time, it borrows words from different culture and people.

- The notion I’m going to talk about, spaces and exchanges, deals with the idea of giving one thing and receiving another in return and also with the places where these exchanges take place.

Topic and Problem statement :

- In relation to the notion, the subject of my presentation is the evolution of English in the World

- We may wonder to what extent has English evolves through time ?

Documents :

- I would like to illustrate my presentation with 3 documents :

- A video about the History of English ,A map of English speaking countries and Another video of a conference by David Crystal.

Outline :

- I’m gonna start by talking about the birth of an English world and I will continue with the future of this English world

Development :

I - The birth of an English world

- English has been influenced by a variety of languages - many of those languages have now disappeared. At the start, there was Old English, derived from the Anglo-Saxons language. Latin, German and Norman French have also shaped the English language. Old Norse, the Viking’s language also influenced English as the invaded Britain, bringing their language along. The 2011 video by the Open University about the History of English illustrates this evolution perfectly : the cartonney way, the humor and how they characterise the differents tribes.

- Thanks to the 2011 world map. We can see the countries where English is either the official or one of the official languages. There are the former colonies, which used to belong to the British Empire. Today some of them are part of the Commonwealth where the Queen is still the head of State (Canada/Australia for example). But Scotland would like to get its independence. English is still used by governments and public bodies in old colonies and keeps being taught at school. Economically it also makes sense for these countries to have English as an official language because it enables them to have a bigger say on diplomatics matters. It also means that business deals may be easier to conclude. Finally, English is also way to unify a nation where many dialects were spoken in the past.

- English is a lingua franca, it’s the World’s global language. English can enable you to communicate with people all around the globe. However, different kind of English exists.

II - The future of this English world

- Globish. Globish is a simplified version of English used by non native speakers, only using the most common words and phrases. It means using a subset standard English grammar, and around 1500 English words. (trademarked


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