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Abraham lincoln

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Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American lawyer and politician who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the nation through the Civil War, its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis.[1][2] In doing so, he preserved the Unionabolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the economy.

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Abraham Lincoln was born in Kentucky. He was a descendant of Samuel Lincoln, an english migrant . 

His father, Thomas Lincoln worked as a farmer,  cabinetmaker, and carpenter.[30] . Thomas married Nancy Hanks, Abraham’s mother, and had three children. His family was very poor. Although slavery was legal in Kentucky at that time, Lincoln's father, who was a religious Baptistrefused to own any slaves. When Lincoln was seven years old, his family moved to Indiana. Later they moved to Illinois.[3] In his childhood he helped his father on the farm, but when he was 22 years old he left home and moved to New SalemIllinois to start his own life.  In 1842, he married Mary Todd Lincoln. They had four children, but three of them died when they were very young.  The nickname "Honest Abe" came from a time when he started a business that failed

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Lincoln started his political career in 1832 when he ran for the IGA Illinois General Assembly, but he lost the election. He served as a captain in the Illinois militia during the Black Hawk War, a war with Native American tribes. When he moved to Springfield in 1837, he began to work as a lawyer. Soon, he became one of the most highly respected lawyers in Illinois.[7][8] In 1837, as a member of the Illinois General Assembly, Lincoln issued a written protest of its passage of a resolution stating that slavery could not be abolished in Washington, D.C.[9][10]. In 1846, Lincoln joined the Whig Party and was elected to one term in the House of Representatives. After that, he ignored his political career and instead worked as a lawyer. In 1854, in reaction to the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Lincoln became involved in politics again. He joined the Republican Party, which had recently been formed in opposition to the expansion of slavery. In 1858, he wanted to become senator; although this was unsuccessful, the debates drew national attention to him.[11] The Republican Party nominated him for the Presidential election of 1860.[12][pic 3]


Lincoln was chosen as a candidate for the elections in 1860 for different reasons. Among these reasons were that his views on slavery were less extreme than those of other people who wanted to be candidates. Lincoln won the election in 1860, and was made the 16th President of the United States. He won with almost no votes in the South.  During his presidency Lincoln became well-known because of his large stovepipe hat. He used his tall hat to store papers and documents when he was traveling.[15].[pic 4]

  • The civil war :

After Lincoln's election in 1860, seven States (South Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Texas and Louisiana) formed the Confederate States of America. When the United States refused to surrender Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, the Confederates attacked the fort, beginning the American Civil War . Lincoln was not a general, and had only been in the army for a short time during the Black Hawk War.[16] However, he still took a major role in the war, often spending days and days in the War Department. His plan was to cut off the South by surrounding it with ships, control the Mississippi River, and take Richmond, the Confederate capital. 


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