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Quelqu'un se souvient-il de Pearl Harbor? (document en anglais)

Dissertation : Quelqu'un se souvient-il de Pearl Harbor? (document en anglais). Recherche parmi 299 000+ dissertations

Par   •  19 Décembre 2012  •  Dissertation  •  896 Mots (4 Pages)  •  1 167 Vues

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on Sense: Does Anybody Remember Pearl Harbor?

Lessons of Pearl Harbor lost on Obama, liberal allies

Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7 1941

National Museum of The Marine Corps, Quantico, VA – Seventy years ago Dec. 7, Japanese Commander Mitsuo Fuchida led an airborne strike force of 49 “Kate” bombers, 40 torpedo bombers, 51 “Val” dive-bombers and 43 “Zeke” fighters on the first wave of an attack on Pearl Harbor and plunged America into World War II.

At 0945 that terrible Sunday morning, a second wave of 167 attack aircraft added to the devastation. By the time the surprise attack was over, 3,581 Americans were dead or wounded; the largest naval anchorage in the Pacific was littered with sunken and burning U.S. warships; the best dry-dock and ship repair facilities west of California were in shambles and 1ess than 25 percent of U.S. military aircraft based in Hawaii were still operational.

The December 7, 1941 attack was but the first blow in a cascade of disasters. The following day, as Imperial troops invaded the Philippines, Congress declared war on Japan. Three days later on December 11, fascist Italy and then Nazi Germany declared war on the U.S. in support of their Axis partners in Tokyo. By then, nearly half a million young Americans had already visited military recruiting stations volunteering to fight, and the phrase “Remember Pearl Harbor” was becoming a watchword. When the conflagration finally ended in Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945, more than 16 million men and women had served in the U.S. armed forces.

All of that and more was recounted this week in Hawaii at what is likely to be the last major reunion of those who survived the surprise attack. Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta was there to thank the handful of survivors gathered near the sunken hull of the USS Arizona – a watery tomb for most of the 1,177 sailors who died aboard the battleship on that “day of infamy.”

Secretary Panetta’s remarks, praising the courage and resolve of those who were there that dreadful day were appropriate – and predictable. It’s what he didn’t say that is important. He didn’t acknowledge the massive intelligence failures and lack of “situational awareness” in Washington that allowed such a horrific surprise attack to occur. Nor did he mention that America’s poor preparations for war resulted in the loss of every engagement with the Japanese from December 7, 1941, until the battle of Midway that started on June 4, 1942.

Absent from reflections on what happened at Pearl Harbor seventy years ago was any acknowledgement of culpability for those in Washington who dismissed Japanese communications intercepted and decrypted at Station Hypo that could have forewarned the defenders in Hawaii and the Philippines. Unmentioned in this week’s commemoration were the shortages of weapons, personnel – even searchlights – that prompted commanders to park scores of U.S. aircraft on Oahu wingtip to wingtip so they could be protected from sabotage.

No one who spoke at the 70th anniversary ceremonies explained how a paucity of spare

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