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Thyphoid fever

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Par   •  10 Septembre 2019  •  Fiche  •  390 Mots (2 Pages)  •  10 Vues

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High school was created in 1999 and it’s goal is to mobilize parents to educate the girl and fight against all forms of discrimination against girls in schooling only boys. this high school wants to show that the girl is also entitled to education, also that the girl has many potentials that can serve in society. this goal will allow him to support himself without the help of people in a word being independent. Nowadays the fiery typhoid has become recurrent in our society and is the cause of several diseases especially in the developing countries. it is in this sense that we have decided to make a presentation which will show the dangers of this disease.

Typhoid fever is still a major public health problem in developing countries.

development path because of high rates of morbidity and mortality. It's a

known pathology that has already been the subject of several studies in its various aspects.

In industrialized countries it is no longer a public health problem.

2

I-PRESENTATION OF DESEASE

1-Definition

Typhoid fever or typhus is an infectious disease described in 1818 by Pierre Bretonneau, caused by a bacterium of the family Enterobacterium, of the genus Salmonella, and whose species responsible Salmonella enterica - Typhi or Paratyphi A, B, C. Salmonella enterica Typhi is still called Eberth's bacillus.

2-Development of desease

a-In the world

There are still around 22 million cases of typhoid each year worldwide, leading to more than 200,000 deaths that could have been prevented, many of them involving children. typhoid fever carries tens of thousands of lives every year in Africa, where the disease spreads to less-favored areas.

b- In USA

In the United States, typhoid is rare and occurs mainly in American tourists returning from endemic areas. Around the world, about 21 million cases occur each year.

c-In France

In France, between 100 and 150 cases are reported annually among travelers or people from endemic areas (Africa, Asia, Latin America).

d-In cote d’ivoire

More than 300 cases of typhoid fever have been reported in Abidjan and another 36 in Toroghué, Daloa Department, located some 400 km west of the Ivorian economic capital.

3

According to the source, the disease, commonly known as "dirty hand disease", which carries between 600 and 800 people per year in Côte d'Ivoire, is rampant, especially during heavy rains.

Typhoid fever went from 1.5% of deaths in 1997 to 9.8% in 2003 and reached 5% in the first quarter of 2004.

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