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The NAACP, the fight of the against Segregation

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Par   •  24 Octobre 2019  •  Discours  •  512 Mots (3 Pages)  •  150 Vues

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The NAACP, the fight of the against the Segregation

Introduction:

The NAACP or National Association for the Advancement of People of Colour was created in 1909. It is the oldest and largest civil rights organization in the United States.

He was formed in New York by white and black activists, because of the violence against African Americans across the country. In the early decades of the NAACP, his campaign against lynching was at the heart of his program. During the Civil Rights era in the 1950s and 1960s, the group won important legal victories.

What were the goal of the NAACP in response to Segregation?

The NAACP was established in February 1909 in New York City by an interracial group of activists, partially in response to the 1908 Springfield race riot in Illinois. The NAACP’s founding members included white progressives Mary White Ovington, Henry Moskowitz, William English Walling, along with such African Americans as W.E.B. Du Bois, Ida Wells-Barnett, Archibald Grimke.

In its charter, the NAACP promised to champion equal rights and eliminate racial prejudice.  A white lawyer, Moorfield Storey, became the NAACP’s first president. Du Bois, the only black person on the initial leadership team, served as director of publications and research.

Since its inception, the NAACP has worked to achieve its goals through the judicial system, lobbying and peaceful protests. In 1910, Oklahoma passed a constitutional amendment allowing people whose grandfathers had been eligible to vote in 1866 to register without passing a literacy test.

The NAACP challenged the law and won a legal victory in 1915 when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Guinn v. United States that grandfather clauses were unconstitutional.

Also, in 1915, the NAACP called for a boycott of Birth of a Nation, a movie that portrayed the Ku Klux Klan in a positive light and perpetrated racist stereotypes of blacks. The NAACP’s campaign was largely unsuccessful, but it helped raise the new group’s public profile.

The NAACP played a central role in the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. One of the major victories of the organization was the 1954 decision of the United States Supreme Court in Brown.C. Board of Education, which banned segregation in public schools.

The organization received some criticism for its strategy of working through

h the judicial system and lawmakers to achieve its goals, rather than focusing on more direct methods of protest favoured by other national civil rights groups.

Today, the NAACP is focused on such issues as inequality in jobs, education, health care and the criminal justice system, as well as protecting voting rights. The group also has pushed for the removal of Confederate flags and statues from public property.

To conclude the NAACP is a real figure who fight the segregation and the KKK. This organisation permitted to reduce the inequality.

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